In this video, we compare some of the similarities between Greek and Persian, two ancient Indo-European languages, with one, Greek, being classified as Hellenic, while Persian is classified as a Western Iranian language.
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Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, while Persian belongs to the Western Iranian branch. Greek has a written record of over 3,000 years, easily making it the oldest documented Indo-European language. The Greek alphabet, originating from the Phoenician script, was the basis of numerous other scripts, such as Latin, Cyrillic, Coptic, Gothic, and Armenian. The Greek language has virtually impacted other languages in every corner of the world, being an important component of Western civilization, the Christian religion, and the language of some of the fundamental texts of science, astronomy, and mathematics. The Greek language today holds official status in Greece and Cyprus, and is recognized as a minority language in Albania, Armenia, Hungary, Italy, Romania, and Ukraine.
The Persian language (Farsi) is also an ancient language which has had a huge amount of impact on other languages and cultures, mainly the Middle East, as well as Central and South Asia. Classified as one of the Western Iranian languages, Persian holds official status is Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. Persian has strongly influenced many different languages, including numerous Turkic languages, as well as well as Armenian, Georgian, and many languages in the Indian subcontinent. Persian has a long history of literature and it was notable for being the first language in the Muslim world to break through Arabic’s monopoly on writing. The Persian language has also influenced the Arabic language, although the impact of Arabic on Persian has been higher. But the influence of Persian in the Muslim world has been strong since the early days of Islam. It was even established as a court tradition instead of Arabic under many ruling Muslim dynasties.
Greeks and Persians have had a long history of contact, dating back to the antiquity when the Persian Empire had control over the modern-day Greece, which they would eventually lose during the Greco-Persian wars. The Persians and Greeks would become enemies and later establish a positive relation since Alexander the Great admired Persian culture and aimed to create a mixture of Greek and Persian culture.